Aging. Many factors can lead to the jowls' development. First of all, they are a natural result of the aging process.
In the process of aging, many of us are faced with gravity changes. It means that after 40-50 years, or even earlier, under the influence of the earth's gravity, faces become less defined, and the skin starts to sag.
The gravity changes lead to more visible nasolabial folds and soft, sagging cheeks. Our skin also loses elasticity as we age — it receives less nutrition and swells more often.
Poor posture. One more cause of jowl appearance we tend to underestimate is poor posture. In many cases, slouching and impaired static of the neck lead to jowl development, so it's essential to control your posture to prevent them.
Hormonal imbalance. In women, the appearance of jowls can be related to hormonal imbalance, especially after pregnancy or during menopause.
Unhealthy lifestyle habits. Smoking, eating junk food, excessive alcohol usage, and other unhealthy lifestyle habits negatively influence skin health.
Excess weight. Jowls are especially noticeable in people with excessive weight who have fat deposits in the neck and face areas. The muscles are not ready for such an increased load and gradually begin to sag.
Teeth clenching. The habit of strongly clenching teeth and straining the jaw contributes to the shortening of the masticatory muscle, which in turn, causes sagging cheeks.
Excessive sunlight exposure. Harmful UVA and UVB rays can damage the skin in many ways, and the appearance of jowls can be one of the effects of their influence.